News & Updates

Keep an eye on this page to see what new content or features have been included in ClientEd Online.

April 17, 2017

Meningoencephalitis of Unknown Origin
Meningoencephalitis is a term referring to inflammation of the brain and the surrounding fluid and tissues. Meningoencephalitis of unknown origin is a term used to describe those cases of meningoencephalitis in which MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis indicate inflammatory, non-infectious CNS disease but diagnosis through histopathological analysis is not available.

Feline Alveolar Osteitis
Alveolar osteitis is a relatively common condition that is the result of chronic periodontal disease in cats. It can occur around the upper or the lower canine teeth.

Budgies – General - update

April 10, 2017

Globoid-cell Leukodystrophy in Dogs
Globoid-cell leukodystrophy (GCL) is also called Krabbe disease, and it is uniformly fatal. GCL is a very rare disease, and it is caused by a mutation on the dog’s DNA.

Ovarian Remnant Syndrome in Cats
Ovarian remnant syndrome is a condition that occurs when ovarian tissue remains inside the body after a female cat is spayed. This tissue can produce estrogen, triggering signs of heat in the cat.

Feline Infectious Peritonitis - update

April 3, 2017

Oclacitinib
Oclacitinib is an oral medication used to manage itching associated with allergic dermatitis (including atopy) in dogs at least 12 months of age.

Cutaneous Lymphoma in Dogs
Systemic lymphoma is a very common cancer in dogs, but the cutaneous form is actually quite rare. Current statistics suggest that cutaneous lymphoma accounts for only about 5% of canine lymphoma cases.

Testing for Increased Thirst and Urination - update

March 27, 2017

Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) Gene Mutation
In 2016, researchers identified a gene, called the pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) gene, that contributes to obesity in Labrador Retrievers. A specific mutation of this gene, involving the deletion of 14 DNA base pairs, has been shown to contribute to increased body weight, increased body fat percentages, and increased food motivation in Labrador Retrievers.

Arthritis and Nutrition for Cats
Approximately 20% of cats across all ages suffer from painful osteoarthritis in one or more joints. The incidence of osteoarthritis increases with age. Because cats are living longer, it is more likely than ever that every cat owner will face the issue of osteoarthritis at some point.

Ferrets - Feeding - update

March 20, 2017

Porcupine Quills in Dogs and Their Dangers
Porcupines are not aggressive, but they happily defend themselves, their offspring, and their dens if needed.

Diabetic Remission in Cats
Diabetes is a complex disease involving a hormone called insulin. When a cat does not make enough insulin or cannot properly use the insulin it does make, diabetes results. Diabetic remission occurs when a cat maintains a normal glucose level for more than four weeks without insulin injections or oral glucose regulating medications.

Pre-surgical Preparation and Testing- update

March 13, 2017

Patent Ductus Arteriosus in the Cat
The ductus arteriosus is an arterial shunt between the aorta and the pulmonary artery, the two main blood vessels leading from the heart.It is normally present during fetal development. Patent Ductus Arteriosus, also called( PDA), is a heart defect that occurs when the ductus arteriosus fails to close down at birth.

Pituitary Macroadenoma in Cats
Not all puppy foods are alike. Not all pups are alike. Feeding the right diet to the right puppy is very important, especially when it comes to large or giant breed pups.

Constipation in Cats- update

March 6, 2017

How Do I Know if My Cat is in Pain?
Recognizing and treating pain in cats has evolved dramatically over time. We understand that because cats are living longer and longer, they are also experiencing the deterioration and debilitation that go along with aging.

Nutritional Requirements of Large and Giant Breed Puppies
Pituitary macroadenomas are large, non-cancerous (benign) tumors of the pituitary gland. These tumors may be functional (hormone-secreting) or nonfunctional, and their effects depend on whether the tumor is producing hormones.

Neutering in Rats- update

February 27, 2017

Ovarian Remnant Syndrome in Dogs
Ovarian remnant syndrome is a condition that occurs when ovarian tissue remains inside the body after a female dog is spayed. This tissue can produce estrogen, triggering signs of heat in the dog.

Atrioventricular Valve Dysplasia in Cats
There are four chambers in the cat’s heart - two top chambers (the atria) and two bottom chambers (the ventricles). There are valves that separate the top chambers from the bottom chambers. When the AV valves are healthy, they act to prevent the backflow of blood from the ventricles to the atria during contraction of the heart.

Autoimmune Skin Disease in Cats - update

February 20, 2017

How Do I Know if My Dog is in Pain?
Recognizing and treating pain in dogs has evolved dramatically over time. We understand that because dogs are living longer and longer, they are also experiencing the deteriorations and debilitations that go along with aging. This includes the development of osteoarthritis, which involves painful inflammation of the joints.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy in the Cat
The retina is a light sensitive layer of cells at the back of the eye that contains cells called photoreceptors. Progressive retinal atrophy is a group of degenerative diseases that affect these photoreceptor cells.

Testing for Weakness - update

February 13, 2017

Eosinophilic Keratitis in Cats
Feline eosinophilic keratitis is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the cornea. In cats with eosinophilic keratitis, eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) invade the cornea, giving the surface of the eye a pink, white, and/or chalky appearance.

Algae Poisoning
Blue-green algae, also called cyanobacteria, is found in fresh and brackish water of ponds and lakes. This microscopic bacteria can also grow in backyard fountains, garden pots, bird baths, and anywhere water is stagnant.

Birds - Abnormal Droppings - update

 

February 6, 2017

Safe Handling of Medications at Home
Does your home double as a drug store? Do you have medications stashed in the bathroom cabinet, kitchen drawer and pantry shelf? Are random bottles haphazardly tossed into the “pharmacy”?Here are a few tips to help you safely handle your household medicine inventory.

Color Dilution Alopecia in Dogs
Color dilution alopecia (CDA) is a genetic recessive inherited condition that causes patches of hair thinning or loss, and may also include flaky and/or itchy skin. The condition is associated with individuals who have what is called “dilute” color, and is most commonly seen in dogs with a blue or fawn coat.

Cherry Eye in Dogs - update

 

January 30, 2017

Cytauxzoonosis in Cats
Cytauxzoonosis is a tick-borne parasitic disease caused by Cytauxzoon felis, a protozoal organism. Cytauxzoon felis infects the blood cells of cats. It was first reported in the USA in 1976, and is now an important emerging disease in domestic cats.

Do Cats Mourn?
Cat lovers consider sweet, soulful, kitty eyes gazing at them to be heartwarming. Those feline glances can melt some human hearts. But after the loss of a feline, canine, or human companion, could those mournful eyes indicate that the cat is actually mourning?

Chinchillas - Owning- update

 

January 23, 2017

Responsible Pet Ownership—Dogs
Dogs can do lots of things. They fetch the paper. They patrol airports for illegal substances. They guide the visually impaired safely across busy intersections. Dogs do many remarkable things for us. But they aren’t capable of doing much for themselves. Responsible dog ownership includes many responsibilities that should be taken into consideration when deciding to adopt a pet.

Atlantoaxial Luxation
Atlantoaxial (AA) luxation is a condition in which instability, or excessive movement, is present between the first two vertebrae within the neck. This spinal disorder is most commonly seen in young, small breed dogs, such as Toy Poodles, Miniature Poodles, Yorkshire Terriers, Pomeranians, and Chihuahuas. Less commonly, however, large breed dogs and even cats can be affected.

Testing for Unexplained Bleeding- update

 

January 16, 2017

Pituitary Macroadenoma in Dogs
Pituitary macroadenomas are large, non-cancerous (benign) tumors of the pituitary gland. These tumors may be functional (hormone-secreting) or nonfunctional, and their effects depend on whether the tumor is producing hormones.

Sago Palm Poisoning
Sago Palms are pretty plants but beware—they pack a deadly punch for pets. The popular Sago Palm enhances outdoor landscapes in warmer areas of the U.S. and serves as indoor decor in many colder climates. All parts of the Sago Palm are poisonous, but the seeds (nuts) are the most toxic to pets.

Giardia in Cats- update

 

January 9, 2017

Lung fluke infections in cats
Lung flukes are parasitic organisms called trematodes. The most common lung fluke to affect cats in North America is called Paragonimus kellicotti, also known as the North American lung fluke. Other species of lung flukes can infect cats in other areas of the world, but are rarely found in North America. 

Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) in Dogs – In-Depth
Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disease that causes the heart muscle cells to become weak and frequently causes abnormal heart beats to occur. Both of these problems can cause the heart to lose its ability contract or pump blood effectively out to the body.

Candida Infections in Birds- update

 

January 2, 2017

Responsible Pet Ownership—Cats
The question of pet ownership: Do we “own” cats or do they “own” us? The answer is debatable, but here’s something that is not: living with a cat comes with responsibilities.

Sebaceous Adenitis in Dogs
Sebaceous adenitis is an immune-mediated disorder in which there is an inflammatory process directed against the sebaceous glands in the skin. The sebaceous glands are associated with the hair follicles and produce the substance that helps to keep the skin supple and the haircoat soft.

Feline Upper Respiratory Infection- update

 

December 26, 2016

Fanconi Syndrome in Dogs
Fanconi syndrome describes abnormal function of the part of the kidneys called the tubules. The tubules should reabsorb water, electrolytes and nutrients as urine is formed, that would otherwise be excreted in the urine, but that are critical to normal metabolic function. With this syndrome, the tubules do not properly reabsorb the electrolytes and nutrients, and instead ‘spill’ them back into the urine to be expelled.

Memorializing Pets
We celebrate our pets! We have cake on their birthdays. We wrap presents for them at Christmas. We buy them special toys when they are sick. When they pass on, we are sad, but isn’t it fitting to celebrate one more time?

Testing for Pallor- update

 

December 19, 2016

Proper Disposal of Medical Waste
While not a glamorous topic, waste disposal is a fact of life. We toss leftover food, worn out clothes, old newspapers, and countless other items in the trash or recycling bin. But some waste, like the medical variety, requires more careful disposal.

Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular dystrophy is an inherited disease that affects the muscles. Signs of muscular dystrophy are typically seen early in life (at one to three months of age) and they progress as the dog ages. There are multiple forms of muscular dystrophy noted in animals and humans. The most common form of muscular dystrophy in dogs is seen in Golden Retrievers.

Bearded dragons - Owning - update

 

December 12, 2016

Hygroma in Dogs
A hygroma is a fluid-filled swelling surrounded by a thick capsule of fibrous tissue that develops under the skin. Hygromas are typically not painful. They can form over any bony prominence on the dog’s body, such as the side of the hock (ankle) joint or over the side of the hip, but they are most commonly found over the elbow.

Therapy Pets
Therapy pets are animals that visit hospitals, retirement homes, hospice centers, nursing homes and schools. Although most therapy pets are dogs, other species such as cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, and horses are good candidates. These lovable pets are well trained, have good temperaments, and are people-friendly. Plus, they have a good work ethic!

Bladder Stones in Cats- update

 

December 5, 2016

Hemophilia A & B in Dogs
Hemophilia A & B are the most common of the inherited blood clotting disorders in dogs. It is the result of a spontaneous mutation of the specific genes that causes a deficiency of blood clotting.

Factors to Consider in Pet Selection – Cat
With over 70 pure breeds and countless combinations of mixed breeds, there are lots of cats to choose from. That’s a good thing, because cats are the #1 pet in the United States. Of course, all cats consider themselves number one!

Allergy – Flea Allergy in Cats- update

 

November 28, 2016

Dermatomyositis
Dermatomyositis is an inherited disease of the skin, muscles, and blood vessels that causes dramatic inflammation of these tissues in the body. While the exact pathologic mechanisms of dermatomyositis are unknown, an immune-mediated process may be involved.

Factors to Consider in Pet Selection - Dogs
Getting a dog is a long-term commitment. Before choosing a pet, consider initial and recurring costs, home environment, size, temperament, and physical characteristics of the dog. Consider training, exercising, and grooming needs, along with your lifestyle.

Testing for Diarrhea- update

 

November 21, 2016

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease in Dogs
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is also known as avascular or aseptic necrosis of the femoral head. This is a condition in which the head of the femur (the ‘ball’ in the ball-and-socket joint that forms the hip) spontaneously begins to degenerate. Over time, this degeneration will cause collapse of the hip and lead to arthritis.

Pet Sitter Options
A pet sitter is like a babysitter for pets. And like good babysitters, good pet sitters don’t just sit in a chair watching your fur babies. They interact, exercise, feed and water them. Pet sitters take care of your pet in your home, but can do much much more.

Anal Sac Disease in Cats - update

 

November 14, 2016

Discoid (Cutaneous) Lupus Erythematosus
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), also known as cutaneous lupus erythematosus, is an autoimmune disease that affects the skin, in which the body’s own immune system is activated to attack the body. Dogs with DLE develop crusting and scabbing of the skin, most commonly starting around the nose, as well as a loss of skin pigmentation in the affected area.

Sources for Adopting Pets
In years past, if you wanted a dog or cat, you read the newspaper ads or drove to the local pet store. Now, you read online postings or use a search engine instead of a car engine to locate a pet. Times have changed. Shopping methods have changed. But dogs and cats are the same and many of them still need homes. If you are one of the many people who want to adopt, rather than shop for a pet, here are some options for you.

Testing for Sneezing and Nasal Discharge - update

 

November 7, 2016

Pemphigus in Dogs
Pemphigus is an autoimmune skin disease, in which the body’s immune system attacks the connections between its own skin cells.

Managing Feral Cats
Ownerless cats may look the same, but there is a difference between stray and feral cats. A feral cat is born and lives in the wild with little or no human contact. A stray cat is a domestic cat that has been abandoned or has “strayed” from home and become lost. A stray cat may be presently homeless but was once a pet that lived with humans.

Coughing in Cats - update

 

October 31, 2016

Multidrug Resistance Mutation (MDR1)
The phrase ‘multidrug resistance mutation 1 (MDR1)’ refers to a specific mutation that can occur at a gene known as the MDR1 gene, also known as the ABCB1 gene. Many herding breeds (most commonly Collies and Australian Shepherds) have a mutation at the MDR1 gene that makes them more sensitive to the negative effects of certain medications.

Health Registries for Pets
Pet health registries provide answers for many interested pet owners by gathering, organizing, analyzing, centralizing, and disseminating large amounts of information on a very many dogs and cats. This valuable information increases our understanding of health issues and facilitates research into animal disease.

African grey parrot-Feeding - update

 

October 24, 2016

Halloween Safety for Pets
Halloween is an annual event that most children, and lots of adults too, look forward to enthusiastically and anticipate a day and evening filled with masks, candy, and pranks all year long! But this holiday can be particularly spooky for the furry children in your family. To make Halloween fun for all of your family members take note of a few Halloween safety tips for your pet.

Juvenile Hyperparathyroidism
Juvenile hyperparathyroidism is a rare, inherited condition of German Shepherds. This condition causes the parathyroid glands, four small glands that are located in the neck near the thyroid gland, to produce abnormally large amounts of parathyroid hormone.

Anesthesia for Cats- update

 

October 17, 2016

Genetics Basics – Mutations vs. Markers
Each time that DNA is replicated, errors can be made. One base may be switched for another base, for example an A switched with a C. In more severe situations, an entire section of the genetic code can be deleted or moved to a different location. Depending on where in the DNA this mutation occurs, the effects of these mutations may vary from nonexistent to severe.

Genetics Basics – Coat Color Genetics in Dogs 
Despite the huge variety in coat color, there are only two basic pigments that determine the color of canines: eumelanin (black) and phaeomelanin (red). All different variations in color are created by these two pigments, which are both forms of melanin.

Testing for Decreased Appetite with Listlessness- update

 

October 10, 2016

Home Breathing Rate Evaluation
Did you know that you can help your veterinarian treat your pet’s heart disease by counting their breathing rate at home, and watching for other clues that your pet is not doing as well as you think? Using simple techniques, you can learn how to become an invaluable part of your pet’s healthcare team.

Finding Reliable Internet Sources for Pet Care Information
The internet covers a lot of terrain and includes vast amounts of knowledge. Unfortunately, copious amounts of information doesn’t always equate to accurate information. While we know that the internet is a great source of information, we must also realize that it can be a source of misinformation. So how do you know what internet sources you should trust when it comes to finding information on pets and pet care?

Breeding for Pet Owners - Estrus and Mating in Dogs- update

 

October 3, 2016

Genetics Basics – Breed Determination
There are approximately 400 distinct canine breeds on record that represent an astounding variety of dogs in all shapes, sizes and colors. How did the domestic dog get so many branches on its family tree?

Fear Free for Cats – Overview
The veterinary profession now understands that many cats do not receive the veterinary care they need and deserve. The veterinary behavior community has clarified that many cats experience fear, anxiety, and stress (FAS) when faced with a visit to the veterinary clinic. FAS can be a problem at many points leading up to and during the veterinary visit.

Breeding for Dog Owners - Caring for Newborn Puppies- update