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Aluminum Hydroxide

Why has my veterinarian prescribed this medicine?

Aluminum hydroxide is used to reduce hyperphosphatemia (elevated blood levels of phosphate) in patients with kidney failure.  Aluminum salts work by reducing the amount of phosphorus absorbed from the intestine by physically binding to dietary phosphorus.

Normally, the kidneys filter out any excess phosphorus from the body, but when the kidneys are failing, phosphorus will accumulate in the blood. Elevated phosphorus levels in the blood are associated with lethargy and poor appetite. In some cases, phosphorus levels can be controlled through the use of a special diet formulated for kidney disease. When dietary restriction alone is not sufficient to control the elevated blood phosphate levels, aluminum hydroxide is used to reduce the amount of phosphorus absorbed from the intestines. Controlling hyperphosphatemia has been shown to increase the lifespan of animals with chronic kidney failure.

 

How do I give this medication?feline_calicivirus_infection-3

Aluminum hydroxide is available as a tasteless powder which can be mixed with the pet's wet or dry food. Your veterinarian may be able to have this medication compounded into capsules that contain the correct dose of medication for your pet, or made into a liquid medicine that can be specifically flavored to suit your pet's taste.

 

What if I miss giving a dose?

Give the dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose, and continue with the regular schedule. Do not give the pet two doses at once.

 

How do I store this medicine?

 

What side effects should I be aware of?

 

Are there any possible drug interactions?

 

How long will my pet be on this medication?

Your veterinarian will begin treatment of your pet with a dose of aluminum hydroxide that is determined by the degree of elevation of the blood phosphate levels. Ten to fourteen days after the medication is begun, a blood sample will be needed to determine what the optimum dose of this medication should be for your pet. Once your pet is stable, your veterinarian will monitor the blood phosphate levels at 4-6 week intervals to ensure that the dose remains correct and that your pet still requires the medication.

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